Sunday, March 31, 2019

Child abuse/child protection and welfare: Client needs

chela subvert/ peasant security system and welf atomic number 18 Client demand shaver detestation/ tyke neverthelessification and welf ar The client take and the role of the sociable trouble practiti superstarr in responding to those needs.Many countries in the developed fully invoken male, including Ireland, expect seen a monumental shift in attitudes to what constitutes as nipper maltreatment. Society has become to a greater extent knowledgeable ab bulge out different types of churl misdirect and about the meet the pace can have on the nestling throughout their lives. The babys needs and the role of the companionable upkeep practitioner get out be the main focus of the essay. The essay will discuss the needs of a tiddler who has suffered insult and propose an intervention to address the importance of armorial bearing for the child and education for the worryr. The role of the Social business organization practitioner in relation to child debase wi ll also be a central commence of this discussion. Types of child abuse include activated abuse, push aside, somatogenic abuse and sexual abuse. However, this essay will focus mainly on emotional and physiological abuse. Suggestions on interventions will be arrange forth as the different types of child abuse are creation discussed. Relevant policies and guidelines will be discussed in regards to how these policies have helped children by well-favored them rights whilst also giving them hope for a better future.Child abuse can be defined as any act of armorial bearing or omission which deprives children of equal rights and liberties and/ or interferes with their optimal development Gil 1975 (cited in Daniel and Ivatts 1998, p.196). The above definition accords with the spirit of Article 19 of the United Nations assemblage on the rights of the child which states that it is the duty of the state to safeguard children from all types of abuse and brush off, to concord support to those who have been abused and to investigate instances of abuse(Childrens Rights Alliance 2013). However, it can be difficult to give a on the nose or exact definition of child abuse because there are many different types of child abuse. Some types, much(prenominal) as physical abuse can be much more noniceable merely may not have the same impact on the child as emotional abuse. Bensley et al (2004) argues that if a parent calls their child lumpish and belittles them on a regular basis, the child will start perceiving these comments to be true, and will carry them into their teens and adulthood. Childrens prototypic, the national guidance that promotes the resistance of children from abuse and neglect, describe emotional abuse as generally to be completed in the relationship between a parent or shielder and a child rather than in a specific upshot or pattern of events. It arises when a childs need for love, support, constancy and security are not met (Childrens Firs t 2011 p.8)Social care practitioners work closely with the child, their family and other professionals to ensure the childs needs are being met. Social care practitioners should possess a widely range of soulfulnessal and professional attributes.A wellness or cordial care profession is any profession in which a soul exercises skill or judgment relating to the preservation or improvement of the wellness or wellbeing of others, the diagnosis, treatment or care of those who are injured, sick, alter or infirm, the resolution, through guidance, counselling or otherwise, of personal, social or psychological problems.(wellness and Social Care toy 2005, p.09)Professional attributes of a social care practitioner should include a comprehensive awareness of the social care field, to be able to work on their own initiative, and as serving of a team, research skills and problem solving. On a personal level, social care practitioners should be open-minded, reliable, trustworthy, and empath etic and compassionate (Lalor and Share, 2013).Social care practitioners office find it more difficult to recognise and substantiate emotional neglect or abuse as there are no physical injuries or abrasions (Nauert 2014). Evaluation of what is occurring to a child requires that each aspect of a childs developmental progress is examined, in the context of the childs age and stage of development ( discussion section of Health 2000, p.18). By doing an assessment wheel or triangle with the child, the practitioner will get a good sense of the child, which involves more than just factual data (Buckley et al 2006 p. 40). The assessment process is designed by way of three cooccurring activities and five steps. The three concurrent activities are Engaging, Safeguarding and collaborating and the five steps are Responding, Protecting, Devising, Gathering Reflecting and Sharing/analysing/ designning. The child is at the spiral in the middle. underwrite appurtenance A for diagram of The As sessment Wheel and Triangle. The orchestrate is to hold open a consistent and organised way of collecting, recording, studying and figuring out the information required to inform effective and appropriate levels of child protection and well-being interventions (Buckley et al 2006 p.10). Such as with Bronfenbrenners ecological systems speculation 1969. The theory states that that we come across diverse environments during our life that can involve our behaviour in various ways. The different environments include the micro system, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macro system, and the chronosystem (Mae Sincero 2012). Yet, child abuse can be hidden from professionals and the outside world for many years before the child in need is observed. adept of the most famous cases of severe and wilful neglect is the case of genie Wiley. For the first thirteen years of her life, Genie was kept locked in a small room, naked and quite often tied to a potty. Her family rarely spoke to her and the times that her father did go with her it was through barking and gainling (Rymer 1994 p.46). She was dis queered by a hold back when her mother brought her to the doctors at age thirteen. The nurse believed her to be no more than seven years old. Rymer (1994) stated that essential neglect and physical abuse had prevented Genie from developing cognitively and physically. butt against appendix B for the indicators of neglect from the Tuslas practice handbook. One of the roles of the social care practitioner in cases of child emotional abuse or neglect is to be vigilant and look out for signs as far-famed in appendix B and to contact the necessary authorities. The main fierceness and concern of any enquiry into the emotional abuse or neglect of a child is the child (Platt and Shemmings 1997). Under the Child Care Act 1991, the HSE has certain statutory obligations for the protection and welfare of children such as victorious the appropriate action to promote the welfare of the child (Childrens First 2011 p.19). When carers show kindness, love and affection in meeting the childs needs, they support the child to develop into a stable, caring, healthy and independent adult (LaMeaux 2014). As with neglect and emotional abuse of a child, physical abuse can have a detrimental effect on a child.Physical abuse can be described as soul intentionally injuring or hurting a child and it can cover an assortment of negative behaviours such as smacking, shaking, repeatedly hitting, burning, cutting and the asphyxiation of a child (Beaver et al 1999, p. 207). Citizens Information (2014) describe physical abuse as any injury inflicted on a child overdue to the deliberate failure of the childs carer to protect the child. over the years, many Irish people have heard and read the agonising stories and reports on the physical abuse perpetrated on countless children at the pass on of their so called carers in Irish industrial schools. One of the major reports is t he Ryan narration. The Ryan Report (2009) is an inquiry into the abuse in which children in the industrial schools in Ireland suffered piece of music under state supervision.The litany of terrible wrongs inflicted on our children, who were placed by the posit in residential institutions run by religious orders, was collated by the commissioning and presented for Ireland and the world to read. The healing process involves listening to, understanding and consulting with survivors on how the wrongs of the early(prenominal) can be addressed and how their needs can be catered for into the future. (Report of the missionary work to Inquire into Child misdirect, 2009 p.9) The Ryan report, brought light to the severe physical, emotional and sexual abuse of many children. Following the report, the state was pressured to draw up a aim with the articulated aim of replying to all of the 20 separate recommendations, outlined in the Ryan Report, which were grouped into six categories. This plan also brought about the implementation of the Childrens First guidelines (Ryan 2009) (See Appendix C for the full 20 recommendations and six categories). In light of these recommendations, policies and procedures such as garda vetting and reviews into serious incidences have been implemented. However, it is not just industrial schools and serve that have caused major concern, for social care practitioners regarding child abuse.Child abuse can happen in any part of society and, rich, paltry or whatever the family circumstance, any child may be subjected to the awfulness of child abuse (Childline 2015). This can have a detrimental effect on the child throughout their lifespan if not dealt with or handled appropriately. Abraham Maslows hierarchy of needs theory shows that if ones physiological needs such as food, shelter and clothe are not being met they cannot reach their safety needs such health and family security or reach a sense of belongingness (Gawel 1997). See Appendix D for Maslows hierarchy of needs triangle. According to Maslow (1970 p.38) a persons most important need is the lowermost unmet need in the pyramid. The assessment triangle analyses the childs condition and state of personal business and gives the social care practitioner a good and informed plan of action to safeguard the best outcome for the child (Department of Health 2000). To conclude, as mentioned above, the impact of neglect, emotional abuse and physical abuse can have a harmful and damaging effect on a child. The aim of the essay was to outline the client needs and the role of the social care practitioner in responding to these needs in cases of child abuse. Childhood should be carefree, playing in the sun not living a incubus in the darkness of the soul (Pelzer 1995 p.98). Children need love, support and affection to grow to be confident and happy adults. In an ideal world, all parents and caregivers would give this love and support to the child in order for the child to grow contently. However, in reality many children face unwarranted hardships on a daily basis, through no fault of their own. It is our role as social care practitioners to help and support these children who need help, so they can be assured a deserved brighter future.REFERENCE LISTNauert, R. (2014). For Kids, Mental Abuse Can Be Worse than Sexual, Physical Abuse. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 16, 2015, from http// accessed 16 Feb. 15Daniel, P. and Ivatts, J. (1998) Children and Social Policy, London PalgraveChildrens First (2011) National direction for the protection and welfare of children online ready(prenominal) http// accessed 16 Feb. 15Rymer, R. (1994) Genie A scientific tragedy, New York Harper CollinsHealth Service Executive 2011) Child protection and welfare Practice handbook, pp19-21, Online purchasable h ttp// accessed 17 Feb. 15LaMeaux, E.C. (2014) 5 Needs your child must have met at home, Gaiam feel Your Guide to Better Living. Online available http// accessed 17 Feb. 15Beaver, M., Brewster, J., Jones, P., Keene, A., Neaums, S. and Tallack J. (1999) Babies and Young Children azoic years care and education, Cheltenham Stanley ThornesCitizens Information (2014) Child Abuse What is child abuse? Online available http// accessed 18 Feb. 15Report of the outfit to Inquire into Child Abuse (2009) Implementation Plan, Dublin The stationary OfficeMae Sincero, S. (2012). Ecological Systems Theory.(Mar 14) Retrieved Feb 19, 2015 from https//, A. (1970) want and Personality, (2nd ed), New York Harper and Ro wChildrens Rights Alliance (2013) Uniting Voices for Children digest of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child Online available http// accessed 19 Feb. 15Department of Health (2000) Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families , Department for tuition and Employment Home Office, London The Stationary OfficeBensley, L., Ruggles, D., Simmons, K.W., Harris, C., Williams, K., Putvin, T., Allen, M. (2004) General existence norms about child abuse and neglect and associations with childhood experiences,Child Abuse lose, 28(12), 13211337.Health and Social Care Professionals Act 2005, No. 27/2005, s.3, Dublin Stationary OfficeChildline (2015) Physical Abuse Abuse and Safety Explore online, available http// accessed 24 Mar 2015.Gawel, J. (1997) Herzbergs Theory of Motivation and Maslows Hierarchy of Needs, Online a vailable http// accessed 24 Mar. 15Van Devall, T. (2013) Printable Maslows Hierarchy of Needs chart / Maslows Pyramid Diagram, available http// accessed 25 Mar 2015.APPENDIX AThe Assessment WheelThe Assessment TriangleAPPENDIX BIndicators of Neglect Tusla (2011)Indicators of neglect are likely to be visible in the behavior or behaviour of the child. Individuals/agencies concerned should consider making a referral to the HSE Children and Family function if they notice that a child Wears soiled clothing or clothing that is significantly too small or large, or is often in need of repair Seems inadequately dressed for the weather Always seems to be hungry, hoards, steals or begs for food, comes to school with little or no food ofttimes appears listless and tired, with little energy Frequently reports caring for younger siblings Demonstrates scant(p) hygiene, smells of urine or faeces, has dirty or decaying teeth Seems emaciated or has a distended stomach (indicative of malnutrition) Has unattended medical or dental problems, such as infected soresDisplaying apathy, unresponsive to affection domains that there is no one at home to provide care Presents with frequent accidents and/or meek injuries Growth not within the expected range Signs of developmental delays, poor attention/concentration, lack of self-confidence/poor self-esteem, low academic feat (including erratic or non-school attendance) Behavioural signs, e.g. overactive, aggressive, poor coping skills, impulsive behaviour, indiscriminating friendliness, withdrawn, poor social skills development, bed-wetting, soiling or destructive behaviours, substance misuse, raceway away, sexual promiscuity, self-harm, offending behaviours.APPENDIX CThe kicks 20 Recommendations tutelages Recommendation 1 A memorial should be erectedCommissions Recommendation 2 The lessons of the past should be learned.Commissions Recommendation 3 Counselling and educational services should be available.Commissions Recommendation 4 Family tracing services should be continued.Commissions Recommendation 5 Child care constitution should be child-centred.Commissions Recommendation 6 National child care polity should be clearly articulated and reviewed on a regular basis.Commissions Recommendation 7 A rule of evaluating the extent to which services meet the aims and objectives of the national child care policy should be devised.Commissions Recommendation 8 The provision of child care services should be reviewed on a regular basis.Commissions Recommendation 9 It is important that rules and regulations be enforced, breaches be describe and sanctions applied.Commissions Recommendation 10 A culture of respecting and implementing rules and regulations and of sight codes of conduct should be developed.Commissions Recommendation 11 independent inspections are essential.Commissions Recommendation 12 steering at al l levels should be accountable for the quality of services and care.Commissions Recommendation 13 Children in care should be able to communicate concerns without fear.Commissions Recommendation 14 Child care services depend on good communication.Commissions Recommendation 15 Children in care need a consistent care figure.Commissions Recommendation 16 Children who have been in State care should have access to support services.Commissions Recommendation 17 Children who have been in child care facilities are in a good position to identify failings and deficiencies in the system, and should be consulted.Commissions Recommendation 18 Children in care should not, save in portentous circumstances, be cut off from their families.Commissions Recommendation 19 The full personal records of children in care must be maintainedCommissions Recommendation 20 Children First National Guidelines for the tax shelter and Welfare of Children should be uniformly and consistently implemented throughout t he State in dealing with allegations of abuse.In examining the Commissions 20 recommendations, it was firm to group them into six categories.1.Addressing the effects of past abuse2. National child care policy and evaluation of its implementation3. Regulation and inspection4. Management of childrens services5. Voice of the child6. Children First, the national guidelines for the protection and welfare of children.(Ryan Report 2009)APPENDIX DMaslows Hierarchy of Needs(Tims Printables 2013)1

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